How cities connect people across space & time

The subject of “connectivity” is much mentioned in urban planning practice, not least by the Space Syntax community. 

But what do we mean by connectivity? 

1. Urban practice should connect across different scales of activity:

Urban Planning (macro scale)

Urban Design (meso scale)

Building Design (micro scale)

ie 3 scales of space.

2. Urban practice should also connect across different phases of activity:

Design (before construction)

Construction (during construction)

Operations (after construction)

ie 3 phases of time

This gives urban practice a clear space/time organisational framework. 

3. This framework can then be used to discuss the subject of connectivity according to several key dimensions:

Physical connections – connecting buildings, streets and spaces.

Human connections – connecting people with each other.

Environmental connections – connecting human interventions to the natural environment: climate, topography. 

Digital connections – using data to support physical connections and enhance human connections. 

Professional connections – connecting across practice boundaries. 

Connectivity is key. But how we connect is complex and multi-dimensional.

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Space Syntax in China

How has Space Syntax been applied in China and are the findings different to those outside China? 

Space Syntax is not a prescriptive planning and design methodology. Instead it is a culturally responsive planning methodology. It begins by analysing the spatial layout of urban and rural areas and studying patterns of human behaviour, land use and land value. It then shows how spatial layouts influence these patterns. And it allows planners and designers to predict the outcomes of their proposals with greater accuracy than they could before. But it doesn’t prescribe a particular solution. Instead it responds to local cultural differences.

For this reason I am keen that Space Syntax is used by Chinese people to study and to plan Chinese cities, towns and villages. Only Chinese people fully understand Chinese life. We can train Chinese practitioners how to use Space Syntax tools, but how the findings of the research are interpreted is a different problem. It is a problem best answered by Chinese planners and designers.